Simple, Efficient, Reliable & Cost Effective
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"Multiplicity ought not to be posited without necessity."

Occam's Razor
William of Ockham (1285-1349)

Otherwise stated:
Everything should be as simple as possible, but not simpler.

API Standard 610 and Overhung Pumps

It is common knowledge that two-stage overhung pumps have a tarnished reputation for reliability. This was the basis for the API Standard 610, Sixth and Seventh Editions, proscribing their use since January, 1981.

over small(Figure 3) Two-stage between bearings process pump (Click on image to enlarge.)
Some two-stage overhung designs were subsequently modified to incorporate outboard bearings to enhance reliability as trade-off against increased initial cost.

The API Standard 610, Eighth Edition, allows for the use of purchaser-specified, two-stage overhung designs, providing rotor stiffness criteria are addressed. (See more on API pecifications.)

over small(Figure 1) Horizontal single-stage overhung centrifugal process pump, featuring centerline mounted, back pull-out radial split case (Click on image to enlarge.)

Figure 1 illustrates an API Standard single-stage overhung pump and the same pump incorporating an auxiliary (booster) impeller.

Figure 2 illustrates a conventional two-stage overhung design. It is obvious that the two-impeller (Split Flow) design is not a two-stage overhung type, where each of the two stages, in series, pump 100 percent of the design flow.

over small(Figure 2) Two-stage overhung process pump (Click on image to enlarge.)

The API 610 Taskforce has noted that the two-impeller design for dual service "...has a niche where it is desirable and does not want to discourage its application by inclusion in Table 1-1." (reference Eighth Edition). Pumps modified to incorporate the Split Flow feature satisfy the rotor stiffness criteria for two-stage overhung types, in accordance with API specifications.

Split Flow™



Split Flow Pumps™
Split Flow API centrifugal pumps: Save energy, reduce carbon emissions.