Simple, Efficient, Reliable & Cost Effective
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"Multiplicity ought not to be posited without necessity."

Occam's Razor
William of Ockham (1285-1349)

Otherwise stated:
Everything should be as simple as possible, but not simpler.

Little Split Flow Design Configuration Options

There are two different design configurations for incorporating the Little Split Flow feature into horizontal or vertical inline API Standard 610 overhung pumps, including,

  1. The auxiliary impeller hub is back-to-back with the primary impeller hub, reference prototype BW/IP sectional drawing.
  2. The auxiliary impeller has the same orientation on the shaft as the primary impeller, reference CPC sectional drawing.

To facilitate comparison, liquid flowing through the pumps is color-coded, i.e.

  • Inlet liquid - green
  • Primary discharge - red
  • Secondary discharge (from auxiliary impeller) - blue

The Flowserve and Sulzer designs use external feed lines from the primary impeller discharge to the auxiliary impeller inlet. They also use back (hub) wear rings on the primary impeller. This configuration has running clearances at four locations. The auxiliary impeller hub ring clearance breaks down approximately 100% of the total differential head (TDH); the other three running clearances each break down approximately 50% of the TDH.

  • The CPC design provides for internal feed from the primary impeller discharge to the auxiliary impeller inlet by deleting back (hub) wear rings from the primary impeller, and unbalancing the auxiliary impeller to offset the primary impeller axial dynamic unbalance. This configuration has running clearances at three locations. Each running clearance breaks down approx. 50% of the TDH. This configuration also minimizes the shaft cantilever, which in turn, results in lower dynamic rotor deflections at the running clearances.
  • Both designs provide axial hydraulic balance of the rotors and shaft seals operate at the primary impeller discharge head.

Stay tuned for drawings:

  • Prototype BW/IP sectional drawing
  • CPC sectional drawing
Note: This site is under construction.

Split Flow™


Split Flow Pumps™
Split Flow API centrifugal pumps: Save energy, reduce carbon emissions.